Substring with Concatenation of All Words LeetCode Solution

Here, We see Substring with Concatenation of All Words LeetCode Solution. This Leetcode problem is done in many programming languages like C++, Java, JavaScript, Python, etc., with different approaches.

List of all LeetCode Solution

Substring with Concatenation of All Words LeetCode Solution

Substring with Concatenation of All Words LeetCode Solution

Problem Statement

You are given a string s and an array of strings words. All the strings of words are of the same length. Return the starting indices of all the concatenated substrings in s. You can return the answer in any order.

A concatenated substring in s is a substring that contains all the strings of any permutation of words concatenated.

For example, if words = [“ab”,”cd”,”ef”], then “abcdef”, “abefcd”, “cdabef”, “cdefab”, “efabcd”, and “efcdab” are all concatenated strings. “acdbef” is not a concatenated substring because it is not the concatenation of any permutation of words.





Example 2:
Input: s = "wordgoodgoodgoodbestword", words = ["word","good","best","word"]
Output: []
Explanation: Since words.length == 4 and words[i].length == 4, the concatenated substring has to be of length 16.
There is no substring of length 16 is s that is equal to the concatenation of any permutation of words.
We return an empty array.


Example 3:
Input: s = "barfoofoobarthefoobarman", words = ["bar","foo","the"]
Output: [6,9,12]
Explanation: Since words.length == 3 and words[i].length == 3, the concatenated substring has to be of length 9.
The substring starting at 6 is "foobarthe". It is the concatenation of ["foo","bar","the"] which is a permutation of words.
The substring starting at 9 is "barthefoo". It is the concatenation of ["bar","the","foo"] which is a permutation of words.
The substring starting at 12 is "thefoobar". It is the concatenation of ["the","foo","bar"] which is a permutation of words.

Substring with Concatenation of All Words Leetcode Solution C++

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> findSubstring(string s, vector<string>& words) {
        vector<int> result;
		if (words.empty())return result;
		unordered_map<string, int> counts, record;
		for (string word : words) {
			counts[word]++;
		}
		int len = words[0].size(), num = words.size(), sl = s.size();
		for (int i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
			int left = i, sum = 0;
                        record.clear();
			for (int j = i; j <= sl - len; j+=len) {
				string word = s.substr(j, len);
				if (counts.count(word)) {
					record[word]++;
                                        sum++;
                    while (record[word] > counts[word])
                    {
                        //remove the most left word
                        record[s.substr(left, len)]--;
                        left += len;
                        sum--;
                    }
			if (sum == num) 
				result.push_back(left);
			}
			else
			{
				record.clear();
				sum = 0;
				left = j + len;
			}
		}
	}
	return result;       
    }
};
Code language: C++ (cpp)

Substring with Concatenation of All Words Leetcode Solution Java

class Solution {
    public List<Integer> findSubstring(String s, String[] words) {
	int N = s.length();
	List<Integer> indexes = new ArrayList<Integer>(s.length());
	if (words.length == 0) {
		return indexes;
	}
	int M = words[0].length();
	if (N < M * words.length) {
		return indexes;
	}
	int last = N - M + 1;
	
	//map each string in words array to some index and compute target counters
	Map<String, Integer> mapping = new HashMap<String, Integer>(words.length);
	int [][] table = new int[2][words.length];
	int failures = 0, index = 0;
	for (int i = 0; i < words.length; ++i) {
		Integer mapped = mapping.get(words[i]);
		if (mapped == null) {
			++failures;
			mapping.put(words[i], index);
			mapped = index++;
		}
		++table[0][mapped];
	}
	
	//find all occurrences at string S and map them to their current integer, -1 means no such string is in words array
	int [] smapping = new int[last];
	for (int i = 0; i < last; ++i) {
		String section = s.substring(i, i + M);
		Integer mapped = mapping.get(section);
		if (mapped == null) {
			smapping[i] = -1;
		} else {
			smapping[i] = mapped;
		}
	}
	
	//fix the number of linear scans
	for (int i = 0; i < M; ++i) {
		//reset scan variables
		int currentFailures = failures; //number of current mismatches
		int left = i, right = i;
		Arrays.fill(table[1], 0);
		//here, simple solve the minimum-window-substring problem
		while (right < last) {
			while (currentFailures > 0 && right < last) {
				int target = smapping[right];
				if (target != -1 && ++table[1][target] == table[0][target]) {
					--currentFailures;
				}
				right += M;
			}
			while (currentFailures == 0 && left < right) {
				int target = smapping[left];
				if (target != -1 && --table[1][target] == table[0][target] - 1) {
					int length = right - left;
					//instead of checking every window, we know exactly the length we want
					if ((length / M) ==  words.length) {
						indexes.add(left);
					}
					++currentFailures;
				}
				left += M;
			}
		}
		
	}
	return indexes;       
    }
}
Code language: Java (java)

Substring with Concatenation of All Words Leetcode Solution JavaScript

var findSubstring = function(s, words) {
    let result = [],
        pattern = {},
        wordLength = words[0].length;

    for (const word of words) {
        pattern[word] = (pattern[word] || 0) + 1;
    }

    for (let i = 0; i < wordLength; i++) {
        let back = i,
            front = back + wordLength,
            matches = {},
            count = 0

        while (front <= s.length) {
            let word = s.slice(front - wordLength, front);

            if (pattern[word]) {
                matches[word] = (matches[word] ?? 0) + 1;
                count++;

                while (matches[word] > pattern[word]) {
                    matches[s.slice(back, back + wordLength)] -= 1;
                    back += wordLength;
                    count--;
                }

                if (count === words.length) {
                    result.push(back)
                }                
            } else {
                matches = {}
                count = 0;
                back = front;
            }

            front += wordLength;
        }
    }

    return result;   
};
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Substring with Concatenation of All Words Leetcode Solution Python

class Solution(object):
    def findSubstring(self, s, words):
        wlen = len(words[0])
        wslen = len(words) * len(words[0])
        res = []
        
        for pos in range(wlen):
            i = pos
            d = Counter(words)
            
            for j in range(i, len(s) + 1 - wlen, wlen):
                word = s[j: j + wlen]
                d[word] -= 1
                
                while d[word] < 0:
                    d[s[i: i + wlen]] += 1
                    i += wlen
                if i + wslen == j + wlen:
                    res. append(i)
        
        return res
Code language: Python (python)
Scroll to Top