# Number of Atoms LeetCode Solution

Here, We see Number of Atoms LeetCode Solution. This Leetcode problem is done in many programming languages like C++, Java, JavaScript, Python, etc. with different approaches.

# List of all LeetCode Solution

## Problem Statement

Given a string `formula` representing a chemical formula, return the count of each atom.

The atomic element always starts with an uppercase character, then zero or more lowercase letters, representing the name.

One or more digits representing that element’s count may follow if the count is greater than `1`. If the count is `1`, no digits will follow.

• For example, `"H2O"` and `"H2O2"` are possible, but `"H1O2"` is impossible.

Two formulas are concatenated together to produce another formula.

• For example, `"H2O2He3Mg4"` is also a formula.

A formula placed in parentheses, and a count (optionally added) is also a formula.

• For example, `"(H2O2)"` and `"(H2O2)3"` are formulas.

Return the count of all elements as a string in the following form: the first name (in sorted order), followed by its count (if that count is more than `1`), followed by the second name (in sorted order), followed by its count (if that count is more than `1`), and so on.

The test cases are generated so that all the values in the output fit in a 32-bit integer.

Example 1:
Input: formula = “H2O”
Output: “H2O”
Explanation: The count of elements are {‘H’: 2, ‘O’: 1}.

Example 2:
Input: formula = “Mg(OH)2”
Output: “H2MgO2”
Explanation: The count of elements are {‘H’: 2, ‘Mg’: 1, ‘O’: 2}.

Example 3:
Input: formula = “K4(ON(SO3)2)2”
Output: “K4N2O14S4”
Explanation: The count of elements are {‘K’: 4, ‘N’: 2, ‘O’: 14, ‘S’: 4}.

## Number of Atoms LeetCode Solution C++

``````class Solution {
public:
string countOfAtoms(string formula) {
map<string, int> atoms;
string ans;
int cnt = 0, mult = 1;
stack<int> st;

for (int i = size(formula) - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (isalpha(formula[i]) and islower(formula[i])) {
int len = 2;
i--;
while (i >= 0 and islower(formula[i])) {
i--;
len++;
}
string atom = formula.substr(i, len);
atoms[atom] += max(cnt, 1) * mult;
cnt = 0;
} else if (isalpha(formula[i]) and isupper(formula[i])) {
string atom(1, formula[i]);
atoms[atom] += max(cnt, 1) * mult;
cnt = 0;
} else if (isdigit(formula[i])) {
cnt = formula[i] - '0';
int p = 10;
while (i - 1 >= 0 and isdigit(formula[i - 1])) {
cnt += p * (formula[--i] - '0');
p *= 10;
}
} else if (formula[i] == ')') {
st.push(mult);
mult *= max(cnt, 1);
cnt = 0;
} else {
mult = st.top();
st.pop();
}
}
for (auto [atom, count]: atoms) {
ans += atom;

if (count > 1) {
ans += to_string(count);
}
}
return ans;
}
};```Code language: PHP (php)```

## Number of Atoms LeetCode Solution Java

``````class Solution {
public String countOfAtoms(String formula) {
Deque<Map<String, Integer>> stack = new ArrayDeque<>();
Deque<Integer> numStack = new ArrayDeque<>();
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
StringBuilder nsb= new StringBuilder();
stack.push(new HashMap<>());
long num = 0;
for (int i = formula.length()-1;i>=0;--i){
if (formula.charAt(i)==')'){
stack.push(new HashMap<>());
numStack.push(getnum(nsb));
nsb.setLength(0);
}else if (formula.charAt(i)=='('){
Map<String, Integer> top = stack.pop();
int mul = numStack.pop();
for (String key : top.keySet()){
stack.peek().merge(key, top.get(key)*mul, Integer::sum);
}
}else if (Character.isDigit(formula.charAt(i))){
nsb.append(formula.charAt(i));
}else if (Character.isLowerCase(formula.charAt(i))){
sb.append(formula.charAt(i));
}else{ // upper case
sb.append(formula.charAt(i));
stack.peek().merge(sb.reverse().toString(),getnum(nsb),Integer::sum);
nsb.setLength(0);
sb.setLength(0);
}
}

Map<String, Integer> res = stack.pop();
List<String> atoms = new ArrayList<>(res.keySet());
Collections.sort(atoms);
for (String key : atoms){
sb.append(key);
if (res.get(key)>1){
sb.append(res.get(key));
}
}
return sb.toString();
}

private int getnum(StringBuilder sb){
return sb.isEmpty()?1:Integer.parseInt(sb.reverse().toString());
}
}```Code language: JavaScript (javascript)```

## Number of Atoms LeetCode Solution JavaScript

``````var countOfAtoms = function(formula) {
let stack = [];
let cur = {};
let i = 0;
while (i < formula.length) {
if (formula[i] === '(') {
stack.push(cur);
cur = {};
i++;
} else if (formula[i] === ')') {
i = newI;
Object.keys(cur).forEach(key => cur[key] *= mult);
const last = stack[stack.length - 1];
Object.keys(last).forEach(key => last[key] = last[key] + (cur[key] ?? 0));
Object.keys(cur).forEach(key => {
if (last[key] === undefined) {
last[key] = cur[key];
}
});
cur = stack.pop();
} else {
i = newI;
i = nI;
cur[ele] = (cur[ele] ?? 0) + c;
}
}
return Object.entries(cur).sort((a,b) => a[0].localeCompare(b[0])).reduce((r, [key, val]) => r += `\${key}\${val === 1 ? '' : val}`, "");

if (!formula[i].match(/[A-Z]/)) return null;
let res = formula[i++];
while (formula[i]?.match(/[a-z]/)) {
res += formula[i++];
}
return [res, i];
}
if (!formula[i]?.match(/[0-9]/)) return [1, i];
let res = 0;
while (formula[i]?.match(/[0-9]/)) {
res = res * 10 + +formula[i++];
}
return [res, i];
}
};```Code language: JavaScript (javascript)```

## Number of Atoms LeetCode Solution Python

``````class Solution(object):
def countOfAtoms(self, formula):
formula = formula + ' '
dict = {}
m = [1]
digit = ''
lower = ''
for i in range(len(formula)-2, -1, -1):
element = formula[i] + lower
if element.isdigit():
digit = element + digit
continue
elif element.islower():
lower = element + lower
continue
elif element == ')':
m.append(m[-1] * int(digit))
digit = ''
continue
elif element == '(':
m.pop()
continue
dict[element] = dict.get(element, 0) + m[-1]*int(digit or 1)
digit = ''
lower = ''
output = ''
for key, value in sorted(dict.items()):
if value == 1:
value = ''
output = output + key + str(value)
return output``````
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