Kotlin LinkedIn Skill Assessment Answer

Here, We see Kotlin LinkedIn Skill Assessment Answer. This assessment test consists of 15-20 MCQs to demonstrate your knowledge of your selected skills. MCQs come from different topics – Kotlin Basics, Classes and Objects, Collections, Control Flow, and Functions..

List of all LinkedIn Skills Assessment Answer

Kotlin LinkedIn Skill Assessment Answer

Kotlin LinkedIn Skill Assessment Answer

Q1. You would like to print each score on its own line with its cardinal position. Without using var or val, which method allows iteration with both the value and its position?

fun main() {
  val highScores = listOf(4000, 2000, 10200, 12000, 9030)
  •  .withIndex()
  •  .forEachIndexed()
  •  .forEach()
  •  .forIndexes()


Q2. When the Airplane class is instantiated, it displays Aircraft = null, not Aircraft = C130 why?

abstractclass Aircraft {
  init { println("Aircraft = ${getName()}") }
  abstractfun getName(): String
class Airplane(privateval name: String) : Aircraft() {
  overridefun getName(): String = name
  •  Classes are initialized in the same order they are in the file, therefore, Aircraft should appear after Airplane
  •  The code needs to pass the parameter to the base class’s primary constructor. Since it does not, it receives a null
  •  Abstract function always returns null
  •  A superclass is initialized before its subclass. Therefore, name has not been set before it is rendered

reference discussion

Q3. Kotlin interfaces and abstract classes are very similar. What is one thing abstract class can do that interfaces cannot?

  •  Only abstract classes are inheritable by subclasses
  •  Only abstract classes can inherit from multiple superclasses
  •  Only abstract classes can have abstract methods
  •  Only abstract classes can store state


Q4. Inside an extension function, what is the name of the variable that corresponds to the receiver object

  •  The variable is named it
  •  The variable is named this
  •  The variable is named receiver
  •  The variable is named default


Q5. Your application has an add function. How could you use its invoke methods and display the results?

fun add(a: Int, b: Int): Int {
  return a + b
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  println(add(5,10).invoke())
  •  println(::add.invoke(5, 10))
  •  println(::add.invoke{5, 10})
  •  println(add.invoke(5,10))


Q6. What is the entry point for a Kotlin application?

  •  fun static main(){}
  •  fun main(){}
  •  fun Main(){}
  •  public static void main(){}

Q7. You are writing a console app in Kotlin that processes tests entered by the user. If the user enters an empty string, the program exits. Which kind of loop would work best for this app? Keep in mind that the loop is entered at least once

  •  a do..while loop
  •  a for loop
  •  a while loop
  •  a forEach loop


Q8. You pass an integer to a function expecting type Any. It works without issue. Why is a primitive integer able to work with a function that expects an object?

fun showHashCode(obj: Any){
fun main() {
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  While the code runs, it does not produce correct results
  •  The integer is always a class
  •  The compiler runs an implicit .toClass() method on the integer
  •  The integer is autoboxed to a Kotlin Int class


Q9. You have started a long-running coroutine whose job you have assigned to a variable named task. If the need arose, how could you abort the coroutine?

val task = launch {
  <em>// long running job</em>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)
  •  task.join()
  •  task.abort()
  •  job.stop()
  •  task.cancel()


Q10. You are attempting to assign an integer variable to a long variable, but the Kotlin compiler flags it as an error. Why?

  •  You must wrap all implicit conversions in a try/catch block
  •  You can only assign Long to an Int, not the other way around
  •  There is no implicit conversion from Int to Long
  •  All integers in Kotlin are of type Long


Q11. You have written a snippet of code to display the results of the roll of a six-sided die. When the die displays from 3 to 6 inclusive, you want to display a special message. Using a Kotlin range, what code should you add?

when (die) {
  1 -> println("die is 1")
  2 -> println("die is 2")
  ___ -> println("die is between 3 and 6")
  else -> println("die is unknown")
Code language: PHP (php)
  •  3,4,5,6
  •  in 3..6
  •  3 : 6
  •  {3,4,5,6}


Q12. The function typeChecker receives a parameter obj of type Any. Based upon the type of obj, it prints different messages for Int, String, Double, and Float types; if not any of the mentioned types, it prints “unknown type”. What operator allows you to determine the type of an object?

  •  instanceof
  •  is
  •  typeof
  •  as


Q13. This code does not print any output to the console. What is wrong?

firstName?.let {
  println("Greeting $firstname!")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  A null pointer exception is thrown
  •  firstName is equal to null
  •  firstName is equal to an empty string
  •  firstName is equal to Boolean false


Q14. You have a function simple() that is called frequently in your code. You place the inline prefix on the function. What effect does it have on the code?

inlinefun simple(x: Int): Int{
  return x * x

fun main() {
  for(count in1..1000) {
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  The code will give a stack overflow error
  •  The compiler warns of insignificant performance impact
  •  The compiler warns of significant memory usage
  •  The code is significantly faster


Q15. How do you fill in the blank below to display all of the even numbers from 1 to 10 with least amount of code?

for (_____) {
  println("There are $count butterflies.")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  count in 1..10
  •  count in 2..10 step 2
  •  count in 1..10 % 2
  •  var count=2; count <= 10; count+=2


Q16. What value is printed by println()?

valset = setOf("apple", "pear", "orange", "apple")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  3
  •  4
  •  1
  •  5


Q17. Which line of code shows how to display a nullable string’s length and shows 0 instead of null?

  •  println(b!!.length ?: 0)
  •  println(b?.length ?: 0)
  •  println(b?.length ?? 0)
  •  println(b == null? 0: b.length)

Q18. In the file main.kt, you are filtering a list of integers and want to use an already existing function, removeBadValues. What is the proper way to invoke the function from filter in the line below?

val list2 = (80..100).toList().filter(_____)
  •  ::removeBadValues
  •  GlobalScope.removeBadValues()
  •  Mainkt.removeBadValues
  •  removeBadValues


Q19. Which code snippet correctly shows a for loop using a range to display “1 2 3 4 5 6”?

  •  for(z in 1..7) println(“$z “)
  •  for(z in 1..6) print(“$z “)
  •  for(z in 1 to 6) print(“$z “)
  •  for(z in 1..7) print(“$z “)


Q20. You are upgrading a Java class to Kotlin. What should you use to replace the Java class’s static fields?

  •  an anonymous object
  •  a static property
  •  a companion object
  •  a backing field


Q21. Your code need to try casting an object. If the cast is not possible, you do not want an exception generated, instead you want null to be assigned. Which operator can safely cast a value?

  •  as?
  •  ??
  •  is
  •  as


Q22. Kotlin will not compile this code snippet. What is wrong?

class Employeeclass Manager : Employee()
  •  In order to inherit from a class, it must be marked open
  •  In order to inherit from a class, it must be marked public
  •  In order to inherit from a class, it must be marked sealed
  •  In order to inherit from a class, it must be marked override


Q23. Which function changes the value of the element at the current iterator location?

  •  change()
  •  modify()
  •  set()
  •  assign()


Q24. From the Supervisor subclass, how do you call the Employee class’s display() method?

openclass Employee(){
  openfun display() = println("Employee display()")
class Supervisor : Employee() {
  overridefun display() {
    println("Supervisor display()")
  •  Employee.display()
  •  ::display()
  •  super.display()
  •  override.display()


Q25. The code below was compiled and executed without issue before the addition of the line declaring errorStatus. Why does this line break the code?

sealedclass Status(){
  object Error : Status()
  class Success : Status()
fun main(){
  var successStatus = Status.Success()
  var errorStatus = Status.Error()
  •  StatusError is an object, not a class and cannot be instantiated
  •  Only one instance of the class Status can be instantiated at a time
  •  Status.Error must be declared as an immutable type
  •  Status.Error is pribate to class and cannot be declared externally


Q26. The code below is expected to display the numbers from 1 to 10, but it does not. Why?

val seq = sequence { yieldAll(1..20) }
  .filter { it < 11 }
  •  You cannot assign a sequence to a variable
  •  To produce result, a sequence must have terminal operation. In this case, it needs a .toList()
  •  The .filter{ it < 11 } should be .filter{ it > 11 }
  •  The yieldAll(1..20) should be yieldAll(1..10)


Q27. What three methods does this class have?

class PersonCode language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  equals(), hashCode(), and toString()
  •  equals(), toHash(), and super()
  •  print(), println(), and toString()
  •  clone(), equals(), and super()


Q28. Which is the proper way to declare a singleton named DatabaseManager?

  •  object DatabaseManager {}
  •  singleton DatabaseManager {}
  •  static class DatabaseManager {}
  •  data class DatabaseManager {}


Q29. In order to subclass the Person class, what is one thing you must do?

abstractclass Person(val name: String) {
  abstractfun displayJob(description: String)
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  The subclass must be marked sealed
  •  You must override the displayJob() method
  •  You must mark the subclass as final
  •  An abstract class cannot be extended, so you must change it to open


Q30. The code snippet below translates a database user to a model user. Because their names are both User, you must use their fully qualified names, which is cumbersome. You do not have access to either of the imported classes’ source code. How can you shorten the type names?

import com.tekadept.app.model.User
import com.tekadept.app.database.User

class UserService{
  fun translateUser(user: com.tekadept.app.database.User): User =
    com.tekadept.app.model.User("${user.first} ${user.last}")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Use import as to change the type name
  •  Create subtypes with shorter names
  •  Create interfaces with shorter names
  •  Create extension classes with shorter names


Q31. Your function is passed by a parameter obj of type Any. Which code snippet shows a way to retrieve the original type of obj, including package information?

  •  obj.classInfo()
  •  obj.typeInfo()
  •  obj::class.simpleName
  •  obj::class


Q32. Which is the correct declaration of an integer array with a size of 5?

  •  val arrs[5]: Int
  •  val arrs = IntArray(5)
  •  val arrs: Int[5]
  •  val arrs = Array<Int>(5)


Q33. You have created a class that should be visible only to the other code in its module. Which modifier do you use?

  •  internal
  •  private
  •  public
  •  protected


Q34. Kotlin has two equality operators, == and ===. What is the difference?

  •  == determines if two primitive types are identical. === determines if two objects are identical
  •  == determines if two references point to the same object. === determines if two objects have the same value
  •  == determines if two objects have the same value. === determines if two strings have the same value
  •  == determines if two objects have the same value. === determines if two references point to the same object


Q35. Which snippet correctly shows setting the variable max to whichever variable holds the greatest value, a or b, using idiomatic Kotlin?

  •  val max3 = a.max(b)
  •  val max = a > b ? a : b
  •  val max = if (a > b) a else b
  •  if (a > b) max = a else max = b


Q36. You have an enum class Signal that represents the state of a network connection. You want to print the position number of the SENDING enum. Which line of code does that?

enumclass Signal { OPEN, CLOSED, SENDING }
  •  println(Signal.SENDING.position())
  •  println(Signal.SENDING.hashCode())
  •  println(Signal.SENDING)
  •  println(Signal.SENDING.ordinal)


Q37. Both const and @JvmField create constants. What can const do that @JvmField cannot?

classDetail {
  companion object {
    const valCOLOR="Blue"@JvmFieldvalSIZE="Really Big"
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  const is compatible with Java, but @JvmField is not
  •  The compiler will inline const so it is faster and more memory efficient
  •  Virtually any type can be used with const but not @JvmField
  •  const can also be used with mutable types


Q38. You have a when expression for all of the subclasses of the class Attribute. To satisfy the when, you must include an else clause. Unfortunately, whenever a new subclass is added, it returns unknown. You would prefer to remove the else clause so the compiler generates an error for unknown subtypes. What is one simple thing you can do to achieve this?

openclass Attributeclass Href: Attribute()
class Src: Attribute()
class Alt: Attribute()

fun getAttribute(attribute: Attribute) : String {
  returnwhen (attribute) {
    is Href -> "href"is Alt -> "alt"is Src -> "src"else -> "unknown"
  •  Replace open with closed
  •  Replace open with sealed
  •  Replace open with private
  •  Replace open with public


Q39. You would like to know each time a class property is updated. Which code snippet shows a built-in delegated property that can accomplish this?

  •  Delegates.watcher()
  •  Delegates.observable()
  •  Delegates.rx()
  •  Delegates.observer()


Q40. Why doesn’t this code compile?

val addend = 1infixfun Int.add(added: Int=1) = this + addend
fun main(){
  val msg = "Hello"
  println( msg shouldMatch "Hello")
  println( 10 multiply 5 + 2)
  println( 10 add 5)
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  infix function must be marked public
  •  In Kotlin, add is a keyword
  •  Extension functions use it, not this, as the default parameter name
  •  infix functions cannot have default values


Q41. What is the correct way to initialize a nullable variable?

  •  val name = null
  •  var name: String
  •  val name: String
  •  val name: String? = null

Q42. Which line of code is a shorter, more idiomatic version of the displayed snippet?

val len: Int = if (x != null) x.length else -1Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  val len = x?.let{x.len} else {-1}
  •  val len = x!!.length ?: -1
  •  val len:Int = (x != null)? x.length : -1
  •  val len = x?.length ?: -1

Q43. You are creating a Kotlin unit test library. What else you should add to make the following code compile without error?

fun String.shouldEqual(value: String) = this == value
fun main(){
  val msg = "test message"
  println(msg shouldEqual "test message")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  The extension function should be marked public
  •  Add the prefix operator to the shouldMatch extension function
  •  The code is not legal in Kotlin (should be println(msg.shouldEqual(“test message”)))
  •  Add the prefix infix to the shouldMatch extension function

Q44. What is the difference between the declarations of COLOR and SIZE?

class Record{
  companionobject {
    constval COLOR = "Red"val SIZE = "Large"
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Since COLOR and SIZE are both immutable, they are identical internally
  •  Both are immutable, but the use of the keyword const makes COLOR slower and less space efficient than SIZE
  •  const makes COLOR faster, but not compatible with Java. Without const, SIZE is still compatible with Java
  •  Both are immutable, but the use of the keyword const makes COLOR faster and more space efficient than SIZE


Q45. Why does not this code snippet compile?

class Cat (name: String) {
  fun greet() { println("Hello ${this.name}") }

fun main() {
  val thunderCat = Cat("ThunderCat")
  •  Because name is a class parameter, not a property-it is unresolved main().
  •  In order to create an instance of a class, you need the keyword new
  •  The reference to name needs to be scoped to the class, so it should be this.name
  •  Classes cannot be immutable. You need to change var to val

Note: By default, constructor parameters can only be used in the initializer blocks or property initializers declared in the class body. Therefore, to let the greet function have access to the name parameter, it should be declared as a property: class Cat (val name: String) { ... }


Q46. The code below shows a typical way to show both index and value in many languages, including Kotlin. Which line of code shows a way to get both index and value more idiomatically?

var ndx = 0;
for (value in1..5){
  println("$ndx - $value")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  for( (ndx, value) in (1..20).withIndex() ){
  •  for( (ndx, value) in (1..20).pair() ){
  •  for( Pair(ndx, value) in 1..20 ){
  •  for( (ndx, value) in *(1..20) ){


Q47. The Kotlin .. operator can be written as which function?

  •  a.from(b)
  •  a.range(b)
  •  a.rangeTo(b)
  •  a.to(b)


Q48. How can you retrieve the value of the property codeName without referring to it by name or destructuring?

dataclass Project(var codeName: String, var version: String)
fun main(){
  val proj = Project("Chilli Pepper", "2.1.0")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  proj.0
  •  proj[0]
  •  proj[1]
  •  proj.component1()


Q49. This function generates the Fibonacci sequence. Which function is missing?

fun fibonacci() = sequence {
  var params = Pair(0, 1)
  while (true) {
    params = Pair(params.second, params.first + params.second)
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  with()
  •  yield()
  •  skip()
  •  return()


Q50. In this code snippet, why does the compiler not allow the value of y to change?

for(y in1..100) y+=2
  •  y must be declared with var to be mutable
  •  y is an implicitly immutable value
  •  y can change only in a while loop
  •  In order to change y, it must be declared outside of the loop

Q51. You have created a data class, Point, that holds two properties, x and y, representing a point on a grid. You want to use the hash symbol for subtraction on the Point class, but the code as shown will not compile. How can you fix it?

dataclass Point(val x: Int, val y: Int)

operatorfun Point.plus(other: Point) = Point(x + other.x, y + other.y)
operatorfun Point.hash(other: Point) = Point(x - other.x, y - other.y)

fun main() {
    val point1 = Point(10, 20)
    val point2 = Point(20, 30)
    println(point1 + point2)
    println(point1 # point2)
Code language: PHP (php)
  •  You cannot; the hash symbol is not a valid operator.
  •  You should replace the word hash with octothorpe, the actual name for the symbol.
  •  You should use minus instead of hash, then type alias the minus symbol.
  •  You need to replace the operator with the word infix.

Q52. This code snippet compiles without error, but never prints the results when executed. What could be wrong?

val result = generateSequence(1) { it + 1 }.toList()
  •  The sequence lacks a terminal operation.
  •  The sequence is infinite and lacks an intermediate operation to make it finite✔.
  •  The expression should begin with generateSequence(0).
  •  The it parameter should be replaced with this.


Q53. An error is generated when you try to compile the following code. How should you change the call to printStudents to fix the error?

fun main() {
    val students = arrayOf("Abel", "Bill", "Cindy", "Darla")

fun printStudents(vararg students: String) {
    for(student in students) println(student)
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  printStudents(students.toList())
  •  printStudents(students!!)
  •  printStudents(*students)
  •  printStudents(students[])


Q54. Both y and z are immutable references pointing to fixed-size collections of the same four integers. Are there any differences?

val y = arrayOf(10, 20, 30, 40)
val z = listOf(10, 20, 30, 40)
  •  You can modify the contents of the elements in y but not z.
  •  There are not any differences. y and z are a type alias of the same type.
  •  You add more elements to z since it is a list.
  •  You can modify the contents of the elements in z but not y.

Q55. The code snippet compiles and runs without issue, but does not wait for the coroutine to show the “there” message. Which line of code will cause the code to wait for the coroutine to finish before exiting?

fun main() = runBlocking {
    val task = GlobalScope.launch {
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  task.complete()
  •  task.wait()
  •  task.join()
  •  task.cancel()


Q56. You would like to group a list of students by last name and get the total number of groups. Which line of code accomplishes this, assuming you have a list of the Student data class?

dataclass Student(val firstName: String, val lastName: String)
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  println(students.groupBy{ it.lastName }.count())
  •  println(students.groupBy{ it.lastName.first() }.fold().count())
  •  println(students.groupingBy{ it.lastName.first() }.count())
  •  println(students.groupingBy{ it.lastName.first() }.size())


Q57. Class BB inherits from class AA. BB uses a different method to calculate the price. As shown, the code does not compile. What changes are needed to resolve the compilation error?

openclass AA() {
     var price: Int = 0get() = field + 10
class BB() : AA() {
     var price: Int = 0get() = field + 20
  •  You need to add a lateinit modifier to AA.price.
  •  You simply need to add an override modifier to BB.price.
  •  You need to add an open modifier to AA.price and an override modifier to BB.price.
  •  You need to add a public modifier to AA.price and a protected modifier to BB.price.


Q58. What is the output of this code?

val quote = "The eagle has landed."
println("The length of the quote is $quote.length")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  The length of the quote is The eagle has landed.
  •  A compilation error is displayed.
  •  The length of the quote is 21
  •  The length of the quote is The eagle has landed..length


Q59. You have an unordered list of high scores. Which is the simple method to sort the highScores in descending order?

fun main() {
    val highScores = listOf(4000, 2000, 10200, 12000, 9030)
  •  .sortedByDescending()
  •  .descending()
  •  .sortedDescending()
  •  .sort(“DESC”)


Q60. Your class has a property name that gets assigned later. You do not want it to be a nullable type. Using a delegate, how should you declare it?

  •  lateinit var name: String // lateinit is modifier not delegate
  •  var name: String by lazy
  •  var name: String by Delegates.notNull()
  •  var name: String? = null


Q61. You want to know each time a class property is updated. If the new value is not within range, you want to stop the update. Which code snippet shows a built-in delegated property that can accomplish this?

  •  Delegates.vetoable()
  •  Delegates.cancellable()
  •  Delegates.observer()
  •  Delegates.watcher()


Q62. Which line of code shows how to call a Fibonacci function, bypass the first three elements, grab the next six, and sort the elements in descending order?

  •  val sorted = fibonacci().skip(3).take(6).sortedDescending().toList()
  •  val sorted = fibonacci().skip(3).take(6).sortedByDescending().toList()
  •  val sorted = fibonacci().skip(3).limit(6).sortedByDescending().toList()
  •  val sorted = fibonacci().drop(3).take(6).sortedDescending().toList()


Q63. You have two arrays, a and b. Which line combines a and b as a list containing the contents of both?

val a = arrayOf(1, 2, 3)
val b = arrayOf(100, 200, 3000)
  •  val c = list of (a, b)
  •  val c = a + b
  •  val c = listOf(a+b)
  •  val c = listOf(*a, *b)
  • reference

Q64. This code occasionally throws a null pointer exception (NPE). How can you change the code so it never throws as NPE?

println("length of First Name = ${firstName!!.length}")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Replace !!. with ?.
  •  Replace !!. with ?:.
  •  Surround the line with a try/catch block.
  •  Replace !!. with ?.let.


Q65. What is the execution order of init blocks and properties during initialization?

  •  All of the properties are executed in order of appearance, and then the init blocks are executed.
  •  The init blocks and properties are executed in the same order they appear in the code.
  •  All of the init blocks are executed in order of appearance, and then the properties are executed.
  •  The order of execution is not guaranteed, so code should be written accordingly.


Q66. Both const and @JvmField create constants. What can @JvmField do that const cannot?

class Styles {
  companionobject {
    constval COLOR = "Blue"@JvmFieldval SIZE = "Really big"
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  const works only with strings and primitives. @JvmField does not have that restriction.
  •  @JvmField works as a top-level variable, but const works only in a class.
  •  @JvmField is compatible with Java, but const is not.
  •  @JvmField is always inlined for faster code.


Q67. What are the two ways to make a coroutine’s computation code cancellable?

  •  Call the yield() function or check the isActive property.
  •  Call the cancelled() function or check the isActive property.
  •  Call the stillActive() function or check the isCancelled property.
  •  Call the checkCancelled() function or check the isCancelled property.


Q68. Given the code below, how can you write the line this.moveTo(“LA”) more concisely?

dataclass Student (val name: String, var location: String) {
  fun moveTo (newLoc: String) { location = newLoc }


fun main() {

  Student ("Snow", "Cologne").run {

  this.moveTo ("LA")

Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  moveTo(“LA”)
  •  ::moveTo(“LA”)
  •  _.moveTo(“LA”)
  •  it.moveTo(“LA”)


Q69. For the Product class you are designing, you would like the price to be readable by anyone, but changeable only from within the class. Which property declaration implements your design?

  •  Option 1
var price: Int = 0
  public get()
  private set
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Option 2
var price: Int = 0
  private setCode language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Option 3
var price: Int = 0
  val set
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Option 4
val price: Int=0


Q70. What will happen when you try to build and run this code snippet?

class SpecialFunction : () -> Unit {
  overridefun invoke() {
    println("Invoked from an instance.")
fun main() {
  try { SpecialFunction()() }
  catch (ex: Exception) { println("An error occurred") }
  •  A syntax error occurs due to the line SpecialFunction()().
  •  The message “An Error occurred” is displayed.
  •  The message “Invoked from an instance.” is displayed. // the second “()” is equals to .invoke()
  •  A compile error occurs. You cannot override the invoke() method.


Q71. Which statement declares a variable mileage whose value never changes and is inferred to be an integer?

  •  val mileage:Int = 566
  •  var mileage:Int = 566
  •  val mileage = 566 (Note: inferred)
  •  const int mileage = 566


Q72. What is the preferred way to create an immutable variable of type long?

  •  var longInt = 10L
  •  const long longInt = 10
  •  val longInt = 10L
  •  val longInt:Long = 10

Q73. Which line converts the binaryStr, which contains only 0s and 1s, to an integer representing its decimal value?

val binaryStr = "00001111"Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  val myInt = toInt(binaryStr)
  •  val myInt = binaryStr.toInt(“0b”)
  •  val myInt = binaryStr.toInt()
  •  val myInt = binaryStr.toInt(2)

Q74. In a Kotlin program, which lines can be marked with a label

  •  Any program line can be marked with a label
  •  Any statement can be marked with a label
  •  Any expression can be marked with a label
  •  Only the beginning of loops can be marked with a label
  1. article –
  2. reference

Q75. All classes in Kotlin inherit from which superclass?

  •  Default
  •  Super
  •  Any
  •  Object


Q76. You have written a function, sort(), that should accept only collections that implement the Comparable interface. How can you restrict the function?

fun sort(list: List<T>): List <T> {
    return list.sorted()
Code language: PHP (php)
  •  Add <T -> Comparable<T>> between the fun keyword and the function name
  •  Add Comparable<T> between the fun keyword and the function name
  •  Add <T : Comparable<T>> between the fun keyword and the function name
  •  Add <T where Comparable<T>> between the fun keyword and the function name


Q77. Kotlin classes are final by default. What does final mean?

  •  final means that you cannot use interfaces with this class.
  •  final means that this is the only file that can use the class.
  •  final means that you cannot extend the class.
  •  final classes cannot be used in the final section of a try/catch block.


Q78. You have created an array to hold three strings. When you run the code below, the compiler displays an error. Why does the code fail?

val names = arrayOf<String>(3)
names[3]= "Delta"Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Arrays use zero-based indexes. The value 3 is outside of the array’s bounds
  •  You accessed the element with an index but should have used.set().
  •  You declared the array with val but should have used var
  •  You cannot changes the value of an element of an array. You should have used a mutable list.

Q79. If a class has one or more secondary constructors, what must each of them do?

  •  Each secondary constructor must call super().
  •  Each secondary constructor must call base().
  •  Each secondary constructor must directly or indirectly delegate to the primary.
  •  Each secondary constructor must have the same name as the class.


Q80. When you can omit the constructor keyword from the primary constructor?

  •  It can be omitted only if an init block is defined.
  •  It can be omitted anytime; it is not mandatory.
  •  It can be omitted if secondary constructors are defined.
  •  It can be omitted when the primary constructor does not have any modifiers or annotations.
  1. article
  2. reference

Q81. How many different kinds of constructors are available for kotlin classes?

  •  two.
  •  none.
  •  four.
  •  one.


Q82. What is the default visibility modifier in Kotlin?

  •  protected
  •  private
  •  internal
  •  public


Q83. The code below compiles and executes without issue, but is not idiomatic Kotlin. What is a better way to implement the printlln()?

fun main() {
  val name: String = "Amos"val grade: Float = 95.5f
  println("My name is " + name + ". I score " + grade + " points on the last coding quiz.")
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  Use new printf().
  •  Use string.format instead.
  •  Use string append instead.
  •  Use string templates instead.


Q84. You have an enum class Signal that represents the state of the network connection. You want to iterate over each member of the enum. Which line of code shows how to do that `?

  •  Signal.sequence().
  •  Signal.toArray().
  •  Signal.values().
  •  Signal.toList().


Q85. You’d like to create a multiline string that includes the carriage return character. What should you use to enclose the string?

  •  Double quotes(“”).
  •  Single quotes(‘).
  •  Tripple quote(“””).
  •  Backticks().


Q86. You want your class member to be visible to subclasses. Which modifier do you use?

  •  Public.
  •  Protected.
  •  Internal.
  •  Private.


Q87. Which line of code shows how to create a finite sequence of the numbers 1 to 99 and then convert it into a list?

  •  val lessThan99 = generateSequence(1){ if (it < 99) it + 1 else null }.toList().
  •  val lessThan99 = generateSequence(0){ if (it < 99)}.toList().
  •  val lessThan99 = generateSequence(1..9){ if (it < 99) it + 1 else null }.toList().
  •  val lessThan99 = listOf{1..99}.asSequence().toList()


Q88. What is wrong with this class definition?

class EmptyCode language: JavaScript (javascript)
  •  The class is properly defined, so nothing is wrong with it.
  •  The parentheses are missing-it should be declared as class Empty().
  •  Empty is a Kotlin keyword, so the code will generate an error when compiled.
  •  The curly braces are missing from the declaration of Empty.


Q89. What is a higher-order function in Kotlin?

  •  A higher-order function is a function that returns a value other than Unit.
  •  A higher-order function is a function that appears before others in a file.
  •  A higher-order function can be stored in a variable.
  •  A higher-order function is a function that takes a function as a parameter or returns a function.


Q90. What is Kotlin?

  •  A markup language commonly used for web development.
  •  A general-purpose, statically typed, open-source programming language.
  •  A relational database management system.
  •  A web framework for building dynamic web applications.

Q91. Who developed Kotlin?

  •  Google
  •  Apple
  •  Microsoft
  •  JetBrains

Q92. Which of the following platforms can Kotlin be used for?

  •  Android app development
  •  Server-side applications
  •  Web development
  •  Desktop application development

Q93. What are some key features of Kotlin?

  •  Conciseness
  •  Null safety
  •  Full Java interoperability
  •  Smart Cast
  •  Extension functions
  •  Automatic memory management

Q94. Why do some developers switch to Kotlin from Java?

  •  Kotlin is more concise and cleaner.
  •  Kotlin offers useful features not present in Java.
  •  Kotlin has good support for Android development.
  •  Kotlin is interoperable with Java.
  •  All of the above

Q95. How does Kotlin work on Android?

  •  Kotlin code is compiled directly into machine code.
  •  Kotlin code is interpreted at runtime.
  •  Kotlin code is compiled into Java bytecode and runs on the JVM.
  •  Kotlin code is compiled into C++ code for Android.

Q96. What is the difference between variable declaration with var and val in Kotlin?

  •  var is used for mutable variables, while val is used for immutable variables.
  •  var is used for immutable variables, while val is used for mutable variables.
  •  var and val are interchangeable; there is no difference.
  •  var and val are used for completely different purposes.

Q97. What is the difference between variable declaration with val and const in Kotlin?

  •  There is no difference; val and const can be used interchangeably.
  •  Val variables must be initialized at compile-time, while const variables can be initialized at runtime.
  •  const is used for mutable variables, while val is used for immutable variables.
  •  const is used for compile-time constants, while val is used for immutable variables that can be initialized at runtime.

Q98. How can you create a singleton in Kotlin?

  •  By defining a private constructor in the class.
  •  By using an object.
  •  By declaring a class as final.
  •  By implementing the Singleton interface.

Q99. What is a primary constructor in Kotlin?

  •  It is a constructor that can only be called from within the same class.
  •  It is a constructor that has no parameters.
  •  It is the constructor defined in the class header.
  •  It is a constructor that is used for deserialization.

Q100. What do you understand by Null safety in Kotlin?

  •  Null safety is a feature that helps prevent null pointer exceptions in code.
  •  Null safety is a way to force variables to always have null values.
  •  Null safety is a technique for creating nullable variables.
  •  Null safety is a feature to allows null values without checks.


Q101. How can you ensure null safety in Kotlin?

  •  By using the !! operator to force variables to be non-null.
  •  By using safe calls (?.) and the Elvis operator (?:).
  •  By declaring all variables as nullable.
  •  Null safety cannot be ensured in Kotlin.

Q102. What is a data class in Kotlin?

  •  A class used for storing confidential data.
  •  A class designed to hold data with automatically generated methods.
  •  A class is used to create instances of other classes.
  •  A class is used to define the structure of data in a database.

Q103. What is the default behavior of Kotlin classes?

  •  All classes are open by default.
  •  All classes are final by default.
  •  All classes are abstract by default.
  •  All classes are static by default.

Q104. Does Kotlin provide support for primitive data types?

  •  No, Kotlin does not provide support for primitive data types like in Java.
  •  Yes, Kotlin supports primitive data types in addition to objects.
  •  Only for certain primitive data types, such as int.
  •  Yes, Kotlin provides support for primitive data types like in Java.

Q105. Does Kotlin provide support for macros?

  •  Yes, Kotlin has a rich set of macros for code generation.
  •  No, Kotlin does not support macros.
  •  Yes, Kotlin supports macros for advanced metaprogramming.
  •  Macros are not needed in Kotlin as it use a different approach.

Q106. What is the use of the open keyword in Kotlin?

  •  The open keyword is used to declare a variable as mutable.
  •  The open keyword is used to allow a class or function to be subclassed or overridden.
  •  The open keyword is used to specify a class as an abstract.
  •  The open keyword is used to indicate that a variable is always null.

Q107. What do you understand by the Ranges operator in Kotlin?

  •  The Ranges operator is used to iterate within a range of values.
  •  The Ranges operator is used to perform bitwise operations.
  •  The Ranges operator is used to concatenate strings.
  •  The Ranges operator is used for logical comparisons.

Q108. Where should we use var and val in Kotlin?

  •  var and val can be used interchangeably; there is no difference.
  •  Use var for mutable variables and val for immutable variables.
  •  Use var for integers and val for strings.
  •  Use var for class properties and val for local variables.

Q109. What is the difference between a safe call (?.) and a null check (!!) in Kotlin?

  •  The safe call (?.) checks if a variable is null and returns null if it is, while the null check (!!) throws a KotlinNullPointerException if the variable is null.
  •  The safe call (?.) and null check (!!) perform the same operation.
  •  The safe call (?.) and null check (!!) both return the value of the variable if it is null.
  •  The safe call (?.) and null check (!!) are not valid Kotlin operators.

Q110. What is the basic difference between fold and reduce in Kotlin?

  •  fold takes an initial accumulator value and applies a binary operation to the elements and the accumulator, while reduce uses the first element as the initial accumulator value.
  •  fold and reduce are equivalent and can be used interchangeably.
  •  fold can only be used with collections, while reduce can be used with any data type.
  •  fold and reduce are both used for filtering elements in a collection.

Q111. What are the advantages of “when” over “switch” in Kotlin?

  •  “when” in Kotlin is more concise and powerful than “switch” in Java.
  •  “when” in Kotlin is less flexible than “switch” in Java.
  •  “when” in Kotlin can only be used with integers.
  •  “when” in Kotlin is less efficient than “switch” in Java.

Q112. Why does this code snippet not compile?

interface Vehiclefun main() {
  val myCar = Vehicle()
  •  The vehicle is an interface.
  •  The vehicle needs an init block.
  •  The keyword new is missing.
  •  The vehicle lacks a constructor.


Q113. What is the difference between a primary constructor and a secondary constructor in Kotlin?

  •  A primary constructor is declared in the class header, while a secondary constructor is declared in the class body.
  •  A primary constructor can have only one parameter, while a secondary constructor can have multiple parameters.
  •  A primary constructor must initialize all of the class’s properties, while a secondary constructor does not have to initialize all of the class’s properties.
  •  A primary constructor can only be called once, while a secondary constructor can be called multiple times.


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